Living Planet Index


National, regional and thematic applications

The LPI database contains thousands of vertebrate population time series. These are fed into the LPI to provide a global indicator of biodiversity change but the data can also be divided into useful subsets to focus on a particular region or group of species. The following examples show some current and recent application of the LPI.

Antarctic penguins

MAPPPD logoDeveloping a 'penguindex' to monitor trends in Anarctic penguins. The Mapping Application for Penguin Populations and Projected Dynamics (MAPPPD) project has created a database of census data for 4 penguin species and is ensuring that the data for these species is updated in the LPI.


Freshwater migratory fish

Tigerfish native to the Sabie River in Africa ©Herman WanningenFreshwater migratory fish require connectivity in their habitats in order to complete their life cycle. Dams and other river infrastructures create barriers to this movement and can impact the survival of populations. This project is a collaboration to develop an LPI for freshwater migratory fish.


Protected areas

NASA blue marble Earth mapThis project is implementing an on-going, international, collaborative audit of the earth’s protected areas providing, for the first time, critical information on the status and trends of vertebrate populations within protected areas.


National indices

Brown bearThe Convention on Biological Diversity requires individual nations to report on their progress towards meeting biodiversity targets. We can disaggregate the LPI by country to produce a national indicator provided we have sufficient data available.


Caribou ArcticWith the Arctic Species Trend Index we can track how the Arctic’s ecosystems and the living resources dependent upon them are responding to change.


Wildlife comeback

Bison - Rewilding europeWe are working with Rewilding Europe to develop a broader understanding of vertebrate abundance trends in Europe over the last 50 years. 



Channel of River Wampool, Solway Estuary, Cumbria, U.K. © Simon LedinghamEstuaries are under threat from manmade interventions. This report assesses trends in biodiversity and threats to estuarine ecosystems.


Mediterranean wetlands

Flamingos, CamargueThe Mediterranean basin, a biodiversity hotspot, is subject to anthropogenic pressures. This report aims to aid conservation of Mediterranean wetlands.


Migratory species

Geese at sunsetAnalyses found that migratory species have overall increased in global abundance. Further disaggregation of the data revealed interesting underlying trends.



ImpalaIn Uganda, monitoring of a number of species has been undertaken over the last four decades. The index shows a dramatic decline in Uganda's vertebrate species.



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