The LPI played a pivotal role in measuring progress towards the 2010 target of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) to reduce the rate of biodiversity loss which, according to the suite of 2010 biodiversity indicators, was not met.
In response, the 193 nations of the CBD committed themselves to a revised Strategic Plan for Biodiversity, including the Aichi Biodiversity Targets , for the 2011-2020 period including actions which will “…take effective and urgent action to halt the loss of biodiversity in order to ensure that by 2020 ecosystems are resilient and continue to provide essential services, thereby securing the planets variety of life, and contributing to human well-being, and poverty eradication”.
The 2020 targets focus on maintaining ecosystem services in which biodiversity plays an important role. The Living Planet Index was an applicable indicator for many of the Aichi Biodiversity targets under Strategic Goals A-D which addressed the causes, pressures, state and benefits of biodiversity. The Global Biodiversity Outlook 5 (GBO-5), published in 2020 by the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), established that, although 89% of all national targets saw at least some progress, not one goal was met completely.
This year, policymakers will have a unique opportunity at the 15th Conference of Parties for the Convention of Biological Diversity (CBD COP15) in Montreal in December 2022 to deliver an ambitious agreement to reverse biodiversity loss, akin to the net-zero emissions by 2050 target of the Paris Agreement. ZSL is calling for stronger targets and commitments to reverse biodiversity loss from governments around the world, support from developed nations such as the UK for countries in the global south and a Global Biodiversity Framework that includes moving towards increasing wildlife abundance. These commitments should be integrated into policy making decisions at a government, business and community level. WWF and ZSL are advocating for the LPI to be adopted as a headline indicator.